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Friday, June 5, 2020


For all competitive exams, the general knowledge questions will be asked it's about 420 questions and answers were available in this PDF. So concentrate on these questions to clear the exams successfully. 

These 420 questions and answers are only general knowledge questions. The questions which we are given you are very useful for you to clear the exams. 

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Understanding Diversity

Diversity in India India is home to a civilization that is 5,000 years old. Different groups of people from different parts of the world were attracted to India over the years because of its wealth. Some came for trade with the local people and others were keen on invading its territory. So diverse races of people migrated into India by land and sea routes over time. Thus the Dravidians, Negroids, Aryans, Alpines, and Mongoloids became part of the modern Indian race. Then, the people who migrated to India also moved to other parts of the country. This movement and migration of people is the reason for India’s rich diversity. We will now study the diversity in India under the following broad headings: landforms and lifestyle diversity, social diversity, religious diversity, linguistic diversity, and cultural diversity.

Land Forms and Lifestyle Diversity

 A continent is a very large area of land with various physical features such as mountains, plateaus, plains, rivers and seas, and various types of weather patterns. India has all of them. India is known as a sub-continent. These features have an underlying influence on the people who live in different landforms of the country. Physical and climatic features determine the economic activities of a region. People living in the plains thrive on agriculture, while people in the coastal areas take to fishing for their livelihood. In mountainous regions, the rearing of animals is undertaken. Hilly landscapes are supported by favorable climatic conditions for the cultivation of coffee and tea. Diversity in landforms also impacts the flora and fauna of a region. The plant and animal wealth of a place depends upon the natural habitat and the climate that prevails in that region. Food, clothing, occupation, and livelihood of the people is closely connected with the region’s natural surroundings and climate.

Interdependence and Co-existence

 A community is a place where people live together with a common interest or heritage. Our community is made up of peasants, laborers, artisans, parents, teachers, students, and many others. For a comfortable livelihood, communities depend on each other.

Family and Society

 Families constitute a fundamental unit of society. There are two types of families: joint families and nuclear families. Families live in a harmonious neighborhood. Hundreds of neighborhoods collectively form a village and thousands of them group together in a city. The needs of people and the interdependence of communities for amenities such as water, food, electricity, education, housing, and so on bring us together to live in harmony. Though we are diverse in our cultural practices, we are united and interdependent socially.

Religious Diversity

 Our Constitution declares India to be a secular nation in which all religions are treated equally. Freedom of religion is our fundamental right. India is the birthplace of many religions and has become the home of many others. Hinduism, Islam, Christianity, Sikhism, Buddhism, Jainism, and Zoroastrianism flourish in India. India is a land of festivals, where people from different religions engage in many colorful celebrations in different parts of the country and co-exist harmoniously. The wide variety of festivals celebrated in India is a true manifestation of its rich culture and traditions. Festivals like Pongal, Deepavali, Holi, Vijayadhasami, AyudhaPuja, Navaratri, Durga Puja, Dussehra, Ganesh Chaturthi, Bihu, Kumbamela, Onam, Miladi Nabi, Ramzan, Christmas, Buddha Poornima, Mahavir Jayanthi, Guru Nanak Jayanthi, and Rakshabandhan are some of the festivals that denote the cultural diversity of India.

Linguistic Diversity

 According to the census of India 2001, India has 122 major languages and 1599 other languages. Four major Indian language families are Indo-Aryan, Dravidian, Austroasiatic, and Sino Tibetian. Tamil is the oldest Dravidian language. Historically, the Portuguese, the Dutch, the British, the Danish and the French came to India for trade and their occupation of India or some parts of it has left behind a certain impact upon the culture and language of the people. Because the British ruled over the entire country for over three hundred years before independence in 1947, the English language gained prominence in India. In due course, English has emerged as an important language and a medium of instruction in schools and colleges. It is widely used in official communication and daily life.


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